The history of Rovinj
The historical ruins of the fortress and objects found in the area of Monkodonja indicate that the Rovinj was inhabited 1800. and 1200. BC.
The Roman historian Titus Livius says that this area was inhabited by the Illyrians, the Histri tribe. They were attacked by the Roman conquerors in 177th B.C. And becomes a Roman settlement called Ruvigno or Ruigno. At the end of sixth and early seventh century Rovinj was settled by Slavs. Since the end of eighth century it was under the Byzantines, mid 9th st Franks, then Aquileia patriarch. From 10th to 12th st successfully resisted pressure from Venice and gained autonomous status. Coming under the reign of Venice in 1283 the city Administration lost its independence.
It's exposed on frequent attacks by ambushers coming from the sea. In the 17 and 18 century Rovinj becomes a developed maritime town. After the fall of Venice in 1797, the citizens tuck control of the city Administration and kept it till the coming of Austria in 1797-1805 and the French dominion from 1805-1813. By the second half of the 19 century Rovinj is the biggest port on the western Coast of Istria. In 1918 the Italian army occupated it, and by the 1920 become part of the Italian province Venezia Giulia as part of Italy by the “Rapalski” contract. Between the two wars the economy stagnates . Few national liberation committees were founded In the second world war. After the capitulation of Italy in 1943 Rovinj joined the main national liberation rebellion of the Croatian and Italian antifascists in Istria. After the Treaty of Paris for peace with Italy on the 10.2.1947 he was incorporated in Yugoslavia in 1991. After the fall of Yugoslavia it has become part of the republic of Croatia.