Monkodonja

Monkodonja (in translation the hill of quinces)

Monkodonja (in translation the hill of quinces)

Monkodonja the Mikena of Istria is an archeological find from the bronze age (about 1800 before the new era) and it's situated on a hill, five km southeasterly of Rovinj.
It's surrounded by thick walls of stone blocks three meters high and three meters wide, built by drywall.
The settlement has an oval layout and consists of an acropolis and upper and lower town, it could have been counting 1000 inhabitants. The upper town was meant for artisans while the lower town for agriculturists intended was.
The main entrance is a small door on the west side looking down to the sea, while the second one on the northwest side is.
The acropolis was on the very top of the hill, additionally protected by rectangular forming walls. The acropolis was home for the rich ones. The houses distinguish by different ways of building and size and were separated my streets and small passes. Each one had its own hearth . Many ceramic fragments that were found were made by local artisans but some came from the eastern Mediterranean with characteristics of the Mycenaean culture.
There war also many metal objects found which proves that it was inhabited by wealthy people.
The inhabit in Monkodonja ended suddenly around 1200 before the new era by unknown reasons.

Southeasterly of the fort Monkodonja 500 m by air route are the burial tumuli MUŠEGO placed, layed out by large stone blocks. In the middle is a carefully cutted panel stone chest in which amber and faience pearls and bronze jewelry were found.
11 tumuli were found for which they believe it had been the main part of the necropolis. Every single one has been builded up in a different way, and they are also different of any other tumuli in Istria. Human bones were found there and two adult human skulls and one of a child which were placed in a cramped position. The tombs were robbed by "hunters for gold".
This historic finding was listed on the map of important cultural destinations.